Some changes in ecosystem are now inevitable which cannot be reversed.
The international community has been so slow in curbing emissions from coal or other such fuels that it is no longer possible to prevent global warming from escalating over the next 30 years, but there is still room for future catastrophe. There is still some time left.
This was stated in a report released by the United Nations.
According to a report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), a United Nations agency, humans have already made the Earth 1.1 degrees Celsius warmer than in the 19th century. The reason is to burn coal, oil and gas, the consequences of which can be felt all over the world.
This summer alone, heatwaves in the United States and Canada have killed hundreds of people, devastating floods in Germany and China, and wildfires in Turkey, Greece and Serbia.
According to experts, some changes in ecosystem are now inevitable which cannot be reversed.
According to the report, this is just the beginning. Even if countries emit toxic gases dramatically, global temperatures will rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius in the next two decades, one of the hottest. It is not possible to stop the future.
Scientists have discovered that an increase in temperature of 1.5 degrees Celsius will increase the dangers to humans, nearly one billion people will face frequent fatal heat waves, millions will suffer due to severe famine, animals and Some species of plants will become extinct.
“We expect a significant increase in climate intensity in the next 20 or 30 years, and conditions will be worse than they are today,” said Pierce Foster, one of hundreds of scientists compiling the IPCC report.
The report added that not everything is over yet and humans still have a chance to save the earth from overheating, with all countries working together to increase the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere by 2050. Will have to stop and immediately stop using conventional fuels while clearing most of the carbon in the atmosphere. If that happens, global warming could be stopped by up to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
However, in case of failure, global temperatures will continue to rise, which could reach 2, 3 or 4 degrees Celsius.
Every degree rise in temperature will exacerbate problems such as heatwaves, floods, famines and more.
According to IPCC experts, it is no longer possible to reverse some of the changes in the ecosystem, but a steady reduction in toxic emissions can still prevent the weather from getting worse in the future.
The report was approved by 195 governments and its findings were based on 14,000 investigative reports.
The report said that the last decade was the hottest decade in 125,000 years of human history, the world’s glaciers are melting rapidly.
Sea levels have risen by an average of 8 inches over the course of a century and have doubled since 2006.