Climate change: The average global temperature increased by 0.74 ° C between 1906 and 2005, with most of the heat occurring since 1970. From pre-industrial times until 2015, the average global temperature rose by more than 1 ° C. Seventeen warmest years in the 21st century have come on record.
This heat is not the same all over the world. Some ecologically sensitive places, such as the poles, are getting two or three times warmer than the world average.
What is climate change?
Climate change is the long-term increase in the average surface temperature of the earth and the large-scale changes in global, regional and local climatic patterns that result from this increase, resulting in a significant increase in the level of greenhouse gases. Use of fossil fuels.
The main causes of climate change are:
- Increased use of fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and gas, electricity, power, automobiles and other modes of transportation, and for power manufacturing and manufacturing.
- Because living trees absorb and store carbon dioxide, deforestation is a problem.
- Intensive agriculture – which produces greenhouse gases such as methane and nitrous oxide – is becoming more common.
- Severe Climate Change – Severe climate change can also cause climate change. Natural disasters such as hurricanes and floods can destroy the ecosystem, affecting the climate in the process.
- Industrialization – As a result of increasing growth, more energy is generated and allocated, releasing more greenhouse gases into the atmosphere than ever before.
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The effects of climate change in our world:
- Weather patterns are becoming more random, which affects food production. In addition, severe weather conditions put people at greater risk of illness and injury.
- Plants: As the weather warms and sea levels rise, plant life moves higher or further inland. This can cause problems for the local animal population.
- Wildlife: Animal behavior changes as the environment changes. Many animals have been affected by food shortages and the arrival of new predators that have previously been unable to enter their areas. As a result, animals are pushed into a situation where they must be moved or endangered.
- As polar ice caps melt, sea level rises: As polar ice melts, sea level rises. This could result in the displacement of millions of people around the world, as well as the destruction of numerous ecosystems and landmarks.
- Marine acidity: As the oceans collect carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, they become more acidic, posing a threat to corals and marine life.
A solution to mitigate climate change:
- Selecting people at all levels of government who are committed to enacting climate-friendly legislation and policies.
- Reduce the use of disposable, disposable plastic items such as bags, bottles and tablecloths, as the production of these low-cost items releases significant amounts of greenhouse gases.
- Turn off lights and electrical appliances when not in use.
- Since agricultural meat production is one of the main contributors to greenhouse gas emissions, we should eat less meat in our diet.
- Take short showers and use water only when absolutely necessary, as unnecessary heating of water increases energy consumption.