Samsung believes it has a better way to make brain-like chips from existing brain structures. The tech company has devised a way to “copy and paste” brain neuron wire maps onto 3D neuromorphic chips. The approach will be based on an array of nanoelectrodes that enters a large number of neurons to record both where the neurons connect and the strength of their connections. You can copy this data and paste it into solid state memory 3D network, be it standard flash storage or advanced memory like tough RAM.
Each memory unit will have a conductance that represents the strength of each neural connection on the map. Samsung said the result would be an effective return to “reverse engineering the brain” as scientists originally intended.
The move could serve as a “shortcut” for artificial intelligence systems that behave like real brains, including the flexibility to learn new concepts and adapt to changing circumstances. According to the researchers, fully autonomous machines with real knowledge can also be seen.
However, there is an obvious problem with complexity. Since the human brain contains around 100 billion neurons with a thousand times more synaptic links, an ideal neuromorphic chip would require approximately 100 trillion memory units. This is clearly a tough challenge for any business, and it doesn’t include the code necessary to make this virtual brain work. Samsung may have opened a door for humanoid AI, but it could take a long time for anyone to reach that goal.