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How Next Generation of Computers Will Be

Technology standards are constantly changing. We unveil what you can expect to happen in the coming years  regarding next generation of computers- and we go into all the key details; you get it all

When one observes how industry standards for, for example, cable connections and hardware performance develop over time, it seems surprising how quickly new normals are accepted by users.

USB-A was the dominant form of physical port connectivity in the hardware field for years, but mobile devices underwent a maelstrom of shifting compact ports until they gathered around the USB-C connector we now know and love.

It is peculiar to think that within quite a few years, the top hardware that we describe in this year’s editions of AOD will be obsolete or even extinct. The industry is moving fast. When a new pervasive standard for some part of our systems arrives, it will not be long before all new products confirm this norm.

The PCIe 4.0 SSDs were hailed as a revolution when they originally saw the light of day, and they were reserved for AMD systems, but since then, Intel has jumped on the bandwagon, and heavy gamers like Samsung have developed the medium to greater heights than the first wave of Gen4 drives could ever have reached.

But what will be next? There are already plenty of updates on the way – from the next generation of PCIe technology to new DDR5 desktop memory. Here we need to analyze where the industry is heading now, how fast it is arriving at this stage, and what you can do to prepare yourself and your hardware as well as possible for the new situation.

We start with PCIe, also called “Peripheral Component Interconnect Express”. A bus standard that is often found as an interface on motherboards. PCIe connections support a wide range of components such as GPUs, SSDs and Ethernet adapters. The electrical interface, as specified in the PCIe specification, supports other existing standards in the PC hardware industry, including SATA and M.2.

The PCIe specifications are developed by the PCI Special Interest Group, a consortium of over 900 technology companies that have an interest in the technology. The standard is currently in its fourth edition. It replaced the original PCI bus standard, which itself underwent five full revisions (from PCI 1.0 to PCI-X 2.0). These standards are constantly evolving; PCIe may give birth to a whole new bus format in the not-too-distant future.

At the moment we know what to expect from future versions. The specifications for PCIe 5.0 were finalized and published by PCI-SIG in May 2019 after two years of internal research and development. Preliminary specifications for PCIe 6.0 were released just three weeks later, but this release is still in the early testing phase. PCIe 5.0, on the other hand, has already gone into production.

See also:   The hard drive is alive and well

In late 2019, the Chinese company Jiangsu Huacun Electronic Technology launched the world’s first PCIe 5.0 controller, named HC9001. Chip maker Rambus announced the completion of a PCIe 5.0 interface in 2020, and others followed suit.

These technologies are not currently available for use in conventional computers, but they are close. Last year, AMD announced that it expects to have PCIe 5.0 compatibility built into its 5 nm Zen 4 processor architecture, and that compatible drives will reach consumers by 2022.

PCIe 5.0 technology is already on the verge of taking over a number of business sectors from cloud computing to supercomputers. Silicon Motion, which produces NAND flash controllers, is not as optimistic as AMD, saying it expects to see professional-quality SSDs by 2022, while consumer models will follow a little later.

Marvell announced earlier this year that the company has completed the development of its first PCIe 5.0 ssd controllers in the Bravera product line, and they should be able to handle up to 14 GB / sec. reading and 9 GB / sec. writing.

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