After sending missions to the moon and the red planet Mars, National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA, USA has announced two new missions to explore the atmosphere and geography of the hot planet Venus in the solar system.
According to a report, 500 million has been allocated for each of these two missions and they will be sent to Venus between 2028 and 2030.
NASA Administrator Bill Nelson has said that these missions will give NASA the opportunity to do research on a planet that has not been researched for more than 30 years.
The United States had previously sent the last mission to Venus, Magellan and Better, in 1990, but spacecraft were later sent to the same planet by Europe and Japan.
After a review, these missions were decided and selected based on their potential scientific value and their development plans.
Bill Nelson said the purpose of both missions is to understand how Venus became such a hot planet and why its surface is so hot that it is capable of melting lead.
Venus is the second and hottest planet in the solar system with a surface temperature of 500 degrees Celsius, which is enough to melt lead.
NASA’s Da Vinci Plus (Deep Atmosphere Venus Investigation of Noble Gases, Chemistry and Imaging) mission will analyze the planet’s atmosphere and find out how it formed and changed itself.
The mission is also to determine if there was an ocean on the surface of Venus.
The Da Vinci Plus will likely return with high-resolution images of the planet’s geographic features.
Scientists believe that these features of Venus can be compared with the continents on Earth.
The second mission, Veritas (Venus AMCV, Radio Science, Insar, Topography and Spectroscopy), will examine the surface of Venus in order to understand its geographical history and find out how Venus became so different from Earth.
The mission will use a radar-like device to measure the surface of Venus and find out if there are still volcanoes on the planet or if there are earthquakes.
Tom Wagner of NASA’s Planetary Science Division said: “It’s amazing that we know so little about Venus, but the combined results of these two missions have helped us to see the planet through the clouds in the sky and the volcanoes on its surface.” Will tell you everything about
“It simply came to our notice then that we had rediscovered the planet,” he said.